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|Hazardous Materials in your Home|
Gasoline is one of the most dangerous substances found around the home. It is both highly flammable and extremely toxic. Improper disposal and storage of gasoline not only presents a health and safety hazard but also threatens the quality of the environment.
NEVER DISPOSE OF GASOLINE BY POURING IT ON THE GROUND, DOWN THE DRAIN, OR THROWING IT IN THE TRASH.
NEVER MIX GASOLINE WITH OTHER PRODUCTS.
HOW DOES GASOLINE BECOME A WASTE?
Any time gasoline is not used for its intended purpose, it becomes a hazardous waste. Usually this happens when gasoline has been stored for a very long period of time or has been contaminated with rust, dirt, or water.
WHAT HAPPENS TO GASOLINE WHEN IT IS STORED?
As gasoline ages, some of its components evaporate, leaving behind a thickened material like a lacquer or varnish, which may be difficult for an engine to burn. To avoid this problem, store gasoline in an air-tight container. This will prolong the life of the gasoline.
HOW DO I USE OLD GASOLINE?
To dilute old gasoline, simply mix it with at least three times as much fresh gas. For example, one quart of old gasoline should be mixed with three quarts of fresh. Generally, the more the old gas is diluted, the better the engine will run. This may be done right in the gas tank if it is large enough to hold the necessary quantities. Otherwise, combine the gas in an approved gasoline container.
Work outside away from flames or heat. DO NOT SMOKE. If you wish to use the old gas in your car, put approximately one gallon of old gasoline in each time you fill the tank until it is gone.
If you have usable gasoline that you do not wish to use, give it to someone who will. Some large trucks, buses, and farm machinery can burn old fuel.
WHAT IF I HAVE 2-CYCLE GASOLINE?
Since 2-cycle gas is actually a mixture of gasoline and oil, it can only be used in engines that specifically call for this kind of a mix.
As with plain gasoline, old 2-cycle gas can be diluted and used, but dilution must be done with more 2-cycle gas to keep the relative proportions of gas and oil the same. Do not dilute 2-cycle gas with straight gasoline or use it in engines for which it is not intended.
WHAT IF MY GASOLINE IS CONTAMINATED?
Dirt, rust, or other solids can be removed from gasoline by filtering it through two layers of thin cloth or a coffee filter. Work outside away from flames and heat and DO NOT SMOKE. The cloth or paper filters can be allowed to dry in a well-ventilated area away from children or pets and disposed of in your regular trash.
GAS AND WATER DO NOT MIX.
Water in a gas can sinks to the bottom. Gasoline that has been contaminated with small amounts of water can be restored by adding a fuel dryer. This is available at many hardware, auto parts, or lawn mower/equipment stores.
Gasoline with larger amounts of water can usually be salvaged by allowing the gas to sit undisturbed for one to two weeks until the water all settles to the bottom. Then carefully pour or siphon off as much gas as possible, leaving mostly water in the bottom of the original container. The remaining material should be handled as a Household Hazardous Waste.